Simple explanation of how menstruation happen
Now, let’s talk about how menstruation comes about. I will try to put it in simple terms for us all to better understand it.
During each menstrual cycle, a female develops an egg which is then released through the fallopian tube. As soon as this happens, the endometrium (lining of the uterus) builds up in order to prepare itself for a possible pregnancy. The lining becomes thicker and richer in blood vessels.
If pregnancy does not occur, this thickened lining is shed off and flows out as blood through the vagina. The blood that comes during menses contains some cells from the endometrium and mucus so it is not as the same blood that runs through our veins
The average length of menstrual cycle ranges between 21-35 days. So anything short or longer than that might or mean there’s a problem
PHASES OF MENSTRUATION
- Menstruation phase
- Follicular phase
- Ovulation phase
- Luteal phase
For the sake of time, each phase has been explained in the PowerPoint presentation which I will soon post.
BUT REMEMBER THAT THE LENGTH OF EACH PHASE DEPENDS ON THE LENGTH OF YOUR CYCLE
FACTORS THAT MAY ALTER YOUR CYCLE
📌 Use of birth controls
📌 Polycystic Ovary Syndrome – certain hormonal imbalance which prevents an egg from developing normally in the ovaries
📌 Uterine fibroids
📌 Eating disorders/ change in diet
📌 Change of environment
HOW TO CALCULATE YOUR CYCLE
Every woman’s menstrual cycle is different. What is normal for you may not be same for me so it is important to get familiar with your cycle. You need to know when you get your period and how long it lasts.
Most women have the notion that if they don’t have a 28 day cycle, then there’s something wrong with them but this is not true.
It will surprise you to know that only about 15% of women have a 28 day cycle.
Don’t also think that since my period came on the 17th of this month, then automatically on the 17th of every month you will have it. That is a big NO.
Some people also think, menstruation always happens at the end of the month. No it doesn’t. It can come on any day, even at the beginning of the month.
Note that you can menstruate twice in a month if you have a short cycle
How to calculate
📍Begin on the 1st day your menses will start and count the days till the start of another menses and write it down. You can tick on your calendar 🗓📍 Repeat it consistently for at least 3 months
📍 Count the number of days between each period separately and note it down. You should have 3 different numbers after tracking it for 3 months
📍 Add all the 3 numbers and then divide by 3. The number you get is the average length of your cycle.
Let use Miss MJ as a case study to understand it better.
CASE STUDY OF MISS MJ’s CYCLE
Miss MJ started menstruating on the 6th of April. Then she had her menses again on the 4th of May. In June, she menstruated on the 2nd and on the 5th of July she had it again.
In calculating the length of her cycle she would have to count the number of days between each months period beginning from the first day she saw blood.
April 6th – May 4th _ 29 days
May 4th – June 2nd _ 30 days
June 2nd – July 5th _ 34 days
Now, add all days and divide by 3 ie (29+30+34) / 3 = 31 days
This means that MJ must expect her menses 31 days after a previous one has ended.
Since several factors can affect your cycle, remember to do a +2, -2 estimate after calculating.